Miklagard Garrison
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'Wickelbander'

By Peter Beatson - NVG Mikligard

Table 1 - Published Viking Age textiles identified as 'Wickelbander'.

_____________________________________________________________________
Site (dating)
ID no.
Weave type
Warp x Weft
spin, thread/cm
Weft
repeat
Width
(cm)
Selvedge
Dye detected
or colour noted
Notes
Elisenhof, Germany (7-9th cent.)
E-20
E-24
E-32
E-67
E-73
E-107
E-119a
E-211a
E-234
E-237
E-256a
E-292a
E-379
E-410
E-420
E-426
E-479
2/1 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/1 warp chevron
Z14-20xS8-11
Z18-24xS14-16
Z24xS14
Z?xS12
Z24xS9
Z20xS13
Z24xS18
Z20xS12
Z14-16xS10-12
Z16xS14
Z16xS14
Z24xS16
Z10xS12
Z20xS12
Z18xS12
Z22xS18
Z22-24xS12
~10
3-11
10(4-14)
10
29
11-12
10
10
10-13
9-11
8-9
10
~10
9-11
10
~10
N/A
9.0
9.2-9.8
9.5
10.0
7.2
?
?
9.3
8-8.7
>9.6
6.9
>4.3
9.7
8.8
7.7-8.2
7.5-8.0
7.3-10.2
S S
S S
S S
S S
S S
S S
S ?
S S
S S
S S
S S
S ?
S S
S S
S S
S S
S S


Orange-brown.

Black.
Black-Brown.






















1




2
Niens, Germany (7-8th cent.)
? 2/2 warp chevron Z x S var. 11.5
Hedeby, Germany (9-10th cent.)
H-28 Ab

H-29
H-43
H-49 B
H-55 C
S-26
S-34
2/2 diag. twill

1/1 tabby
2/2 diag. twill
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 broken lozenge
Z10-12xS6

Z11-14xS6-7
Z6-9xS5-7
Z22-23xS12-13
Z11xS4-5
Z22xS11
Z17xS15.5
n/a

n/a
n/a
5-7
?
~10
10wa,9we
7.5

7.5
7.5
9
8.5
7.0-8.0
11
S S

X dH
S S
S S
S S
S SH
S S
Dark Wool & ?Yellow plant.




Red-brown.
Yellow-brown.


3


4


Milk Street (MLK-76) London, England (late 9th-10th cent.)
1083
785
786
1132

2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron
2/2 warp chevron

Z15xS14
Z15xS11
Z15xS13
Z16xS12

6 (2-12)
6
4-6
6

>2.7
8.6
>1.7
>6.3

S ?
S S
S ?
S ?

Lichen purple.
Indigotin.
Lichen purple.
Indigotin & ?lichen purple.
16-22 Coppergate York England (9-10th cent.)
1306
2/2 warp chevron
Z18xS16
6 (2-12)
>7.0
S ?
Lichen purple
Wood Quay Dublin, Republic of Ireland (10-12th cent.)
E172:12064
2/2 wa. chevron
Z~20x?S~15
~12
7.2
S S
5
Zalatovye, Russia
?
2/2 chevron
2sZ x Z
²16
7.2
S S
6
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Weave and Spin: See Figure 2.

Repeat: number of (weft) threads between each pattern repeat. See Figures 3 and Figures 5.

Width: remaining maximum width given, if incomplete.

Selvedges: X= cut edge; S = simple selvedge; H = hemmed (d = double rolled).

Notes: 1. seam sewn in thick black wool across one end. 2. single break in weaving direction near middle of band. 3. length cut perpendicular to warp. 4. found tied into a 'lasso'. 5. Thread counts estimated from photograph. Other similar bands of width 7.0-7.5 cm are noted, but not described (Pritchard 1992). 6. Like most fabrics of Finnish origin, the warp is made of two Z-spun threads, S-plied. This chevron twill also seems to have (symmetrical) point repeats. No thread count available.

References: Hägg 1984; 1991; Hundt 1981; Pritchard 1984; 1992; Tidow 1989; Walton 1989, Khvoschchinskaia 1992.


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