The views expressed in these pages do not represent the views of the New Varangian Guard Inc. or those of the Miklagard Garrison. These pages contain plagiarised text written by various people within the NVG, I have attempted to acknowledge these sources where possible below.

Text sourced from works by:

Peter Beatson
Steven Lowe ( Egfroth)
Tim Dawson



Design from Mid-12th century pottery found in a Byzantine ship wreck off the island of Pelagos.
B. Sporades and Ch. Kritzas, Byzantine wreck at Pelagos' Island, Athens Annual of Archeology, 4, pp176-182, 1971.
Border pattern taken from a 10th century icon of the Archangel Michael, from a church in Constantinople.
Andre Grabar (translator Stuart Gilbert), The great centuries of painting: Byzantine Painting, Skira, New York, 1953.
Dragon figure of Scandinavian type drawn in wall of chapel, circa 1000AD. Constanza, Romania.
H. R. E. Davidson, The Viking Road to Byzantium, George Allen & Unwin, London, 1978.


  1. Anna Comnena was the daughter of Emperor Alexius I and while writing about her father and the Byzantine court in approximately 1148AD provides many interesting commentaries on the Varangian Guard.
    Taken from - E. R. A. Sewter (trans), The Alexiad of Anna Comnena, Penguin Books, London, 1969.
  2. Snorri Sturluson writing in the saga Heimskringla
    Taken from - M. Magnusson and H. Palsson (trans), King Harald's Saga, Harald Hardradi of Norway, Penguin Books, London, 1966.
  3. Runic inscription on a marble screen of the south gallery in the Hagia Sophia, Constantinople. The inscription has been read as the name Halfdan, and dated to possibly the eleventh century. Rubbing supplied by Peter Beatson who visited Istanbul in 1994.


The Original Varangian Guard.

quarfwa@firstnet.com.au 9 May 1996